Remote Terminal is a Mender add-on allowing remote command execution via interactive, live, fully functional terminal from the Mender UI. You can start a terminal session to any connected device by clicking "Launch a new Terminal" in the UI (see the picture below).
All you need is mender-connect configured and running alongside the Mender Client, and you can get a live terminal where you can freely type commands.
Every keystroke in the above popup window will go to the standard input of a shell running on the device.
Remote Terminal by Mender passes messages of a defined protocol over
a websocket connection. The two main actors: the
mender-connect and Mender UI
communicate using a well-defined open protocol over a websocket connection.
They exchange messages which carry user keystrokes, terminal output,
and control data. Therefore, there is no relation to SSH and no part
of it is either used or required. You are, however, able to run sshd or ssh
command, since you have a fully functional terminal at your disposal.
Mender does not impose any additional restrictions on the commands,
shell, or terminal. The picture below shows a simplified architecture
with a websocket,
mender-connect, and a shell running in a child process
mender-connect with allocated pseudo tty.
There is a loose coupling between Mender and the add-ons like
Remote Terminal expects a certain well-defined DBus API to be in place
on a device, and a working websocket connection endpoint; none of these
have to come from or go to Mender.
As long as you send compatible messages over the websocket,
mender-connect will work.
With Mender, however, you have everything in place, and all you need
is to perform a simple configuration of the client and start
Additionally, you can take advantage of the Role Based Access Control
and Audit Logs, since we fully integrated
mender-connect add-on into Mender.
mender-connect supports simultaneous shells from different Mender users.
On the device, you run the shell as a system user which you can set
in the configuration.
An arbitrary number of users each running an arbitrary number of sessions
can easily lead to resources exhaustion on a device. To this end,
imposes two configurable restrictions on:
On the other hand, you can imagine a scenario when you reach
both limits and lock yourself out from the remote terminal.
In order to protect against this scenario,
mender-connect supports automatic termination
of idle and/or expired sessions.
A remote terminal session consists of a spawned shell (as a subprocess of
mender-connect process) a unique string called a session id, and a system username.
The main responsibility of the
is to read messages from the websocket, route them by session id
to the correct shell, read the output going to the terminal,
and pass it upstream over the websocket.
For Mender Enterprise customers, Mender provides audit logging of all terminal sessions. The audit logs include terminal creation/termination events as well as the terminal output which users can later inspect from the AUDIT LOG panel in the Mender UI.
Audit logs is only available in the Mender Enterprise plan. See the Mender features page for an overview of all Mender plans and features.
mender-connectinstallation steps for Yocto-based projects, and for Debian family, in the customize with Yocto, and customize with Debian respectively.
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