This section describes the Device-side API for the Mender clients. The Device-side API constitutes the only public API of the Mender client. The Device-side API is a thin layer which receives messages over D-Bus, processes them, transmits them to the Mender client, receives the results from the client, and transmits a response on the D-Bus.
You can find the D-Bus specification and background information on how it works here.
As an example call, the client can be instructed to fetch the JWT token from the server like this:
dbus-send --print-reply=literal --system --dest=io.mender.AuthenticationManager \ /io/mender/AuthenticationManager \ io.mender.Authentication1.FetchJwtToken
As an example monitor, you can listen for the
dbus-monitor --system "type='signal',\ sender='io.mender.AuthenticationManager',\ interface='io.mender.Authentication1'"
The easiest means to call a method exposed on D-Bus is to use the
dbus-send tool. This is by default installed on most devices as part of the
dbus package on Ubuntu, and
dbus-tools on Yocto-based Linux distributions. The command is described in depth here, so we will only cover the parameters needed for accessing the Mender client API.
A generic method invocation looks like this:
dbus-send --system --dest=CONNECTION \ OBJECT_PATH \ INTERFACE.MEMBER \ [CONTENT]
The parameters are constructed as follows:
OBJECT_PATH: defined per exposed client API, see the overview section of the API documentation that you want to use.
INTERFACE.MEMBER: an object can expose different methods, which are organized as hierarchically structured interfaces. The
INTERFACE.MEMBERdefines the specific method to be invoked, and is given at the top of each method detail description.
--system: D-Bus supports multiple, seperate buses per system and user. To access the system wide management bus, this flag is required.
--print-reply=literal: print the resulting response to the command line. This is useful if the method is supposed to return some information such as the JWT which can be used in subsequent actions.
As opposed to methods which are actively invoked, signals can be emitted by an object at every point in time. To react to a signal, one therefore has to listen for it, which is called "monitoring" in a D-Bus context. This is done through
dbus-monitor, which is described in depth here.
A generic monitor invocation looks like this:
dbus-monitor --system "type='signal', \ sender='CONNECTION', \ interface='INTERFACE'"
INTERFACE have the same meaning as in the previous section on method invocation.
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